Language Processing Disorder: School Evaluations & Support

Language Processing Disorders: School Evaluations & Support

Oral Language vs. Written Language Disorders

Oral and written language processing disorders and written language disorders can have profound effects on a child’s learning experience in school. Language processing disorders can hinder a child’s ability to understand and express spoken language effectively, impacting their comprehension of classroom instruction and their capacity to engage in meaningful conversations with teachers and peers. Written language deficits, on the other hand, affect a child’s ability to communicate their thoughts and ideas coherently in writing, often resulting in struggles with handwriting, spelling, grammar, and organizing written work. These challenges can undermine a child’s performance in written assignments, reading comprehension, and overall academic achievement. Recognizing these disorders early and implementing tailored interventions is crucial to help children with language processing and written language disorders succeed in the school environment and develop the confidence they need to thrive academically.

What Parents Should Know

As a parent, your child’s education is of paramount importance, especially when they face speech and language disorders. Understanding your child’s rights, as well as the support available, can be a game-changer. In this blog post, we’ll delve into the many oral and written language disorders, how they impact learning, school evaluations, Individualized Education Plans (IEPs), and 504 plans. By the end, you’ll have a clear roadmap to navigate these critical aspects of your child’s education.

The Basics of Language Processing Disorders

Before we explore how to support your child, it’s vital to grasp what language processing disorders entail. Children with these disorders may struggle with understanding and expressing language, leading to communication difficulties in both speaking and listening.  Here are some common language processing disorders.

1. Language Processing Disorder (LPD):

Language Processing Disorder, often referred to as Auditory Processing Disorder, is a condition where a child experiences difficulty processing and comprehending spoken language. This disorder can make it challenging for children to follow verbal instructions, understand complex sentences, and participate in classroom discussions. In the school environment, children with LPD may struggle with reading comprehension, following classroom lectures, and completing assignments that require understanding verbal instructions. They might also have difficulties with social interactions and maintaining friendships due to communication challenges.

2. Speech Sound Disorders:

Speech Sound Disorders encompass various conditions like articulation disorders and phonological disorders. These disorders affect a child’s ability to produce clear and understandable speech sounds. In school, speech sound disorders can impede a child’s ability to express themselves effectively, making it difficult for teachers and peers to understand their speech. This can lead to frustration, low self-esteem, and potential difficulties with class presentations or participation.

3. Stuttering (Fluency Disorder):

Stuttering is a fluency disorder that affects the flow of speech. Children with stuttering may experience repetitions, prolongations, or blocks in their speech, leading to disruptions in communication. Stuttering can impact learning in the school environment by causing anxiety and self-consciousness, making it challenging for a child to engage in classroom discussions and oral presentations. It can also lead to teasing or bullying from peers, further affecting a child’s self-confidence and willingness to participate.

4. Language Disorder (Specific Language Impairment):

A Language Disorder, or Specific Language Impairment (SLI), affects a child’s ability to use and understand language appropriately for their age. Children with SLI may struggle with vocabulary, sentence structure, and understanding abstract concepts. In the school setting, this can lead to difficulties in reading, writing, and comprehending academic content. Children with SLI may require specialized support and accommodations to succeed in the classroom.

5. Voice Disorders:

Voice Disorders encompass a range of conditions that affect the quality, pitch, or loudness of a child’s voice. In school, voice disorders can result in a child’s voice being hoarse, breathy, or strained, which may make it challenging for them to participate in oral presentations or activities that require vocal expression. It can also lead to discomfort and frustration in social interactions.

Understanding these common speech and language disorders is essential for educators and parents to provide the appropriate support and accommodations, ensuring that children with these challenges can thrive in the school environment. Early diagnosis and intervention are key to helping these children overcome these obstacles and reach their full potential in their educational journey.

Written Language Disorders

Written language disorders, also known as written expression disorders or dysgraphia, are conditions that affect a child’s ability to communicate their thoughts and ideas effectively through written language. These disorders encompass various challenges that can significantly impact a child’s learning experience in the school environment.

1. Dysgraphia:

Dysgraphia is a specific written language disorder that affects a child’s ability to produce legible and well-organized written work. Children with dysgraphia often struggle with handwriting, spelling, and organizing their thoughts on paper. In school, dysgraphia can make tasks such as taking notes, completing written assignments, and exams challenging. The impact of dysgraphia can lead to lower grades and decreased self-esteem.

2. Dyslexia:

While dyslexia is often associated with reading, it can also affect a child’s written language skills. Dyslexia may lead to difficulties in spelling and writing fluently. Children with dyslexia might struggle with letter reversals, difficulty sounding out words, and organizing their thoughts in writing. In the school setting, dyslexia can hinder a child’s ability to express themselves in writing, making tasks like essay composition and written reports particularly challenging.

3. Written Expression Disorder:

A Written Expression Disorder is a broad category that encompasses difficulties with written language, including grammar, punctuation, and sentence structure. Children with this disorder may have trouble organizing their thoughts into coherent and grammatically correct written work. In school, this can result in poor-quality essays, difficulty with written assignments, and challenges with communication through written means.

4. Spelling Disorders:

Spelling disorders involve difficulties with accurate spelling, including the ability to spell commonly used words and apply spelling rules. In the school environment, spelling disorders can impact a child’s performance in writing assignments and written assessments. These children may spend more time and effort on spelling, leaving less cognitive resources for the content of their writing.

5. Written Language Processing Disorder:

This disorder affects the ability to generate ideas and translate them into written language effectively. Children with written language processing disorders may struggle to organize and structure their written work. In school, this can result in difficulties in conveying their knowledge, which may not reflect their true understanding of the subject matter.

In the school setting, written language disorders can significantly impact a child’s academic performance, self-esteem, and overall educational experience. Teachers, parents, and specialists should work collaboratively to provide appropriate interventions and accommodations, such as assistive technology, extended time for written assignments, and individualized instruction, to support children with these challenges. Early recognition and intervention are essential to help children with written language disorders overcome their difficulties and achieve their full potential in the classroom.

The Power of School Evaluations

School evaluations are the first step in ensuring your child receives the support they need. These evaluations, conducted by school professionals, help identify your child’s specific language deficits. This knowledge is invaluable in tailoring their education.

Individualized Education Plans (IEPs)

What Is an IEP?

An IEP is a personalized plan designed to address your child’s unique needs. It outlines the support and accommodations your child requires to succeed academically.

The IEP Process:

  1. Initial Evaluation: The journey begins with a thorough assessment of your child’s language processing disorder.
  2. Goal Setting: Specific, measurable goals are established, focusing on your child’s strengths and weaknesses.
  3. Accommodations and Services: The IEP outlines the support your child will receive, such as extra time for assignments or speech therapy.
  4. Regular Updates: IEPs evolve as your child’s needs change. Regular meetings ensure the plan stays effective.

504 Plans

A 504 plan is another crucial tool to consider. While it doesn’t provide specialized instruction like an IEP, it grants accommodations to level the playing field for children with language processing disorders. These accommodations might include preferential seating, extended time on assignments, or verbal instruction support.

The Benefits of Working with a Special Education Advocate

Navigating the complex world of education can be overwhelming, especially when your child has a language processing disorder. A special education advocate can be your guiding light. Here are some benefits:


Advocates understand the intricate world of IEPs, 504 plans, and language disorders. They can translate the jargon into plain language.

Personalized Support:

Advocates work one-on-one with parents to ensure the child’s specific needs are met, tailoring the educational plan accordingly.

Peace of Mind:

With an advocate by your side, you can confidently advocate for your child’s rights, knowing you have a knowledgeable ally.

To further assist you on this journey, we’re offering a FREE DOWNLOAD that outlines various speech and language assessments used by speech pathologists to diagnose specific language deficits. This valuable resource will help you understand your child’s unique needs better. Download it today and take the first step toward unlocking your child’s full potential.

language processing disorder evaluations and assessments list



    Wrapping Up

    The journey of advocating for your child with a written or oral language processing disorder may seem daunting. However, armed with knowledge, you can empower your child to reach their full potential. Remember, school evaluations, IEPs, and 504 plans are there to ensure your child receives the support they deserve.

    Your child deserves the best education possible, and with the right support and resources, you can make it a reality. Don’t hesitate to explore the world of language processing disorders, IEPs, and 504 plans to create a brighter future for your child.  If you need assistance with your child’s IEP or obtaining an IEP, contact us!  We are here to help fight for your child!

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